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Spacecraft "Soyuz-11"

Registration number 1971-053A / 05283
Time and date of launch (UTC) 04h.55m.09s.   June 06, 1971
Launch site Baikonur, LC 1
Launch vehicle Soyuz
Spacecraft mass (kg) 6790
Orbital parameters:
   - inclination (degrees) 51.64
   - period (minutes) 88.43
   - perigee (km) 191.5
   - apogee (km) 220.5
Time and date of landing (UTC) 23h.16m.52s.   June 29, 1971
Place of landing Kazakhstan
Duration 23d.18h.21m.43s.
Distance (km) 15.932 million
Number of revolutions around Earth 383
Summary 1st expedition to orbital station "Salyut" . Duration of the fly 22 days. Astronauts perished 30 minutes before landing because of quick depressurization of the recovery capsule.

Status Main Backup Reserved
1 Cdr
Dobrovolsky, Georgi Timofeyevich Leonov, Aleksey Arkhipovich Gubarev, Aleksey Aleksandrovich
2 FE
Volkov, Vladislav Nikolayevich Kubasov, Valeri Nikolayevich Sevastyanov, Vitali Ivanovich
3 EI
Patsayev, Viktor Ivanovich Kolodin, Pyotr Ivanovich Voronov, Anatoli Fedorovich
Call sign Yantar' (Amber)

Remark:   At the launch site main crew (Lojnov/Kubasov/Kolodin) was interchanged by backup crew (Dobrovolsky/Volkov/Patsayev).

Date Time (UTC) Spaceship's revo-
lution number
Station's revo-
lution number
Jun 06, 1971 04:55:09 1 Salyut-1:779 Lift-off spacecraft "Soyuz-11"   (crew: Dobrovolsky,   Volkov,   Patsayev ).
Jun 07, 1971 07:49 19 Salyut-1:797 Docking of spacecraft "Soyuz-11"   (crew: Dobrovolsky,   Volkov,   Patsayev ) to station "Salyut" .

Crew of station "Salyut"   after docking: Dobrovolsky,   Volkov,   Patsayev.
Jun 29, 1971 18:28 381 Salyut-1:1159 Undocking of spacecraft "Soyuz-11"   (crew: Dobrovolsky,   Volkov,   Patsayev ) from station "Salyut" .

There is nobody at the station "Salyut" .
Jun 29, 1971 22:35:24 384 Salyut-1:1162 Deorbit burn of spacecraft "Soyuz-11"   (crew: Dobrovolsky,   Volkov,   Patsayev ).
Jun 29, 1971 22:49 384 Salyut-1:1162 Depressurization of spacecraft "Soyuz-11"   capsule. Crew Dobrovolsky,   Volkov,   Patsayev   died.
Jun 29, 1971 23:16:52 384 Salyut-1:1162 Landing of spacecraft "Soyuz-11"   (crew: Dobrovolsky,   Volkov,   Patsayev ).

  Mission Control Center (TsUP) from 2007
  CBS News
  Spaceflight now
  Alexander Zheleznyakov
  journal "Novosti Kosmonavtiki" ("News of Cosmonautics") from 1993 till our time
  journal "Kosmonavtika, astronomiya" ("Cosmonautics, astronomy") 1983-1991 years
  book "Evolution of vehicle-creating and cosmonautics in the USSR" by Valentin P. Glushko, Moscow, 1987
  Jonathan's Space Report
  and many other people and editions

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